TEHRAN – A consultant in European and international affairs believes that the EU is absent and powerless in the face of unilateral US sanctions against other countries.
“The European Union’s position is absent and powerless on US sanctions against Russia and Iran because it does not have considerable power,” Ludovic Zanker told The Tehran Times.
“The European Union is obliged to ally with the United States to make itself heard and to follow a policy of sanctions against Russia and Iran. Just remove the United States, the European Union has no authority, its decisions are inaudible, ”Zanker notes.
Russian-American relations have seen many ups and downs over the past decades. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Washington spared no effort to establish itself as a global hegemony by waging wars and imposing sanctions against its rivals.
Meanwhile, many European states preferred to follow American policies or play a marginal role in the new world order.
Many critics claim that the EU, despite its economic weight, is dependent on the United States in military and security terms.
“The European Union is dependent on the United States on certain issues, including Russia in the case of the annexation of Crimea to Ukraine, but also the presence of military troops in Dombass,” Zanker remarks.
Here is the text of the interview:
Q: How do you assess the Russian-American disputes under the Putin-Biden presidencies? Is there a strategic rivalry or an economic competition?
A: The disputes between Russia and the United States under the presidency of Biden and Putin have important consequences in both diplomatic and political relations, but also in economic relations.
To answer your question, there is a strategic position between Biden and Putin, the balance of power both diplomatic and economic. On the diplomatic level, tensions are not at a standstill, following a cyber attack from Moscow. Likewise for Russia, the Kremlin has also decided to expel American diplomats to its soil.
Economically, Russia will be a little weaker, but it will resist these American sanctions. For the United States, they will lose an important partner because Russia remains an important country militarily and also economically.
Q: How do you see the launch of the Russian Nord Stream 2 pipeline? What are its implications for the US and the EU?
A: The pipeline is a real boon for Russia, President Putin is gaining points by attacking Europe and the United States from this angle. Because through the construction of this pipeline, it is also the credibility of the Russian vaccine SputnikV which is at stake, recognized as reliable in many countries. For Russia, this project will bring billions of euros.
The involvement of the United States comes to reverse the project vis-à-vis Russia, following the Russian troops present in the Dombass in Ukraine. The Kremlin denies wanting to reconquer other territories of the country. But the United States is playing to find other strategies to sanction Putin’s Russia more severely.
For Europe, the implication is limited, because this project concerns more Germany because the end of the works ends in the German sea. As a result, German Chancellor Merkel does not share Biden’s sanctions for canceling this construction, at least not to complete the work. However, Germany won the case against the United States, the project could be completed, the Russian president managed to give guarantees to the Chancellor. Russian military troops withdrew to Ukrainian territory, forming part of the army.
Q: Do you think the great powers, like Russia and China, can form a coalition to confront American influence in Asia?
A: Yes, in a fictitious policy, but in reality it will not happen, because Putin has other more strategic ambitions, Russia will not be able to detach itself from the European Union, because for Europe, Russia is an indisputable and important partner, but also for Russia. If Russia definitely turns its back on the European Union, it will form a coalition with China, it could have a real major problem.
China could be a very powerful dominatrix, but it could manipulate and control Russia, Europe would be powerless and inaudible, isolated from everything. The United States would be in an open panic, both economically and diplomatically, let alone militarily. While relations between Russia and the United States are strained, reason always trumps good, not danger.
Q: How do you assess the EU’s positions regarding US sanctions against Russia and Iran? Apparently, the political positions of the EU are not independent?
A: The position of the European Union is absent and powerless on American sanctions against Russia and Iran because it does not have considerable power, the European Union is obliged to ally with the United States to make themselves heard and extend strong sanctions against Russia and Iran. Take away the United States, the European Union has no authority, its decisions are inaudible.
To answer your second question, the European Union is dependent on the United States on certain issues, including Russia in the case of the annexation of Crimea to Ukraine, but also the presence of military troops in Dombass. For Iran, there are disputes over Iran’s nuclear program, human rights and press freedom.
Q: What are the effects of US sanctions on the Chinese and Russian economy?
A: The decision comes in a context of sharp deterioration in relations between China and the United States, competitors in the economic and technological spheres and opposed on a multitude of subjects (Hong Kong, human rights, technologies, coronavirus in particular). We again urge the United States to immediately correct its mistake and remove unreasonable restrictions on the activities of the Chinese Embassy and its personnel based in the United States, ”Zhao Lijian said.
This clash between the two world powers took on the appearance of a new cold war in July with the forced closure of the Chinese consulate in Houston, amid accusations of espionage. China responded by ordering the US consulate in Chengdu (southwest) to close within days of each other. Sanctions of the Chinese economy by the Americans.
As for sanctions against Russia, experts interviewed by the Russian daily believe that the new American sanctions should not significantly affect the Russian economy. “Unlike the years 2014-2018, the Russian economy is more prepared for this kind of challenge,” explains Andrei Roussetski of BKS Financial, for example.
However, Ivan Timofeev, program director of the Russian Council for International Affairs, warns: “This time Moscow no longer faces routine sanctions, but a new major decree. And the Kremlin cannot close its eyes on this. “The possibilities of a local resumption of relations following the change of American administration are exhausted”, estimates the expert. This will further strengthen the rapprochement between Russia and China, but will also lead to a hardening of Moscow’s positions in Syria and on the Iranian nuclear issue. Sanctions of the Russian economy by the Americans.